This page has been translated automatically.
Video Tutorials
How To
Professional (SIM)
Interface Overview
Assets Workflow
Version Control
Settings and Preferences
Working With Projects
Adjusting Node Parameters
Setting Up Materials
Setting Up Properties
Using Editor Tools for Specific Tasks
Extending Editor Functionality
Built-in Node Types
Light Sources
World Nodes
Sound Objects
Pathfinding Objects
Setting Up Development Environment
Usage Examples
UUSL (Unified UNIGINE Shader Language)
File Formats
Materials and Shaders
Rebuilding the Engine Tools
Double Precision Coordinates
Common Functionality
Controls-Related Classes
Engine-Related Classes
Filesystem Functionality
GUI-Related Classes
Math Functionality
Node-Related Classes
Objects-Related Classes
Networking Functionality
Pathfinding-Related Classes
Physics-Related Classes
Plugins-Related Classes
IG Plugin
CIGIConnector Plugin
Rendering-Related Classes
Content Creation
Content Optimization
Material Nodes Library
Art Samples
Warning! This version of documentation is OUTDATED, as it describes an older SDK version! Please switch to the documentation for the latest SDK version.
Warning! This version of documentation describes an old SDK version which is no longer supported! Please upgrade to the latest SDK version.

Language Features

The scope of applications for UnigineScript is limited to implementing materials-related logic (material expressions, scriptable materials, brush materials). Do not use UnigineScript as a language for application logic, please consider C#/C++ instead, as these APIs are the preferred ones. Availability of new Engine features in UnigineScript (beyond its scope of applications) is not guaranteed, as the current level of support assumes only fixing critical issues.

Dynamic Typing#

Unlike C++ using Static Typing, UnigineScript is using Dynamical Typing, which means that type checking is performed during execution but not during variable declaration. According to this fact, you may face following situations:

  • Though in many parts of documentation you can see variables declared with specific types or function arguments of specific types, these type markers are simply hints to the user. That is, you can define an int variable and assign a string to it.
  • The interpreter will not do type checking for you before it starts evaluating an expression. If you need data of a specific type or a specific custom class, use the typeof() and typeinfo() functions to check it.
  • From time to time you will see a variable type in function declarations. variable is not actually a type, and this word is not even reserved. The variable pseudo-type simply means that a function "knows" that it can accept data of different types and will act differently depending on the type of the variable argument.
  • Still, there are several base types, which names are reserved, and we will briefly examine them here. Also, you can define your own types—classes.

Memory Management#

UnigineScript provides a garbage collector that automatically manages memory for objects created in UnigineScript: allocates it when needed and frees it, when no object references it any more. The garbage collector is launched once per several frames. For all allocated memory chunks, it checks, if any reference to them still exists; if a chunk is not referenced by any object, it is freed. Also, all allocated memory is freed, when the script quits.

Objects exported from the C++ part exist until the explicit call of their destructors. See also information on memory management for Extern classes.

See also: Destructors and delete


Unigine serialization mechanism allows saving a state of an object into a binary file and later restoring it. Pure-UnigineScript classes are saved and restored automatically, without any effort of the programmer. However, if the class uses objects exported from C++, which do not implement serialization themselves, two special methods should be defined:

  • __save__()
  • __restore__()
Names of these methods are reserved; think of them as an interface that should be implemented to perform object serialization. The first method, __save__(), is called before the virtual machine state is saved. The second method, __restore__(), is called after the virtual machine state is restored.
You can either define a pair of __save__() and __restore__() without arguments, or a pair of __save__(Stream) and__restore__(Stream). But you cannot mix between the two pairs. There is no need to define both pairs, as in this case, the functions which take theStream argument will be called.
Source code (UnigineScript)
class Foo {
	// Foo.__save__() will be called before saving the state of the virtual machine
	void __save__() {

	// Foo.__restore__() will be called after restoring the state of the virtual machine 
	void __restore__() {
	// save to file
	void save to file(string filename) {
		// …

	//load from file
	void load_from_file(string filename) {
		// …

See also: Serialization in Unigine C++ API.

Syntactical Differences between C++ and UnigineScript#

Here is a list of main syntactical differences between the two languages.

  1. Vector initialization is different from C++. Instead of providing a list of vector items inside two curly braces, enclose the items in simple parentheses.
  2. Constructors defined separately from the class declaration have a different signature, see Constructors and new.
  3. Destructors defined separately from the class declaration have a different signature, see Desctructors and delete.
  4. Members are always accessed using the dot operator.
  5. There is no protected access level modifier, there are only public and private ones. All class members are public by default.
  6. UnigineScript uses namespaces, which represent function libraries. Namespace names and function names are separated using the dot operator. Note that a namespace name can also contain dots, so, to avoid ambiguity, only the last dot is used as a separator between the namespace and the function.
    There are also "ordinary" namespaces that specify a scope of variables and functions.
  7. Objects of vector data types allow accessing their members using swizzling, that is, if you have an object my_vector of type vec3, you can access its members like this: my_vector.x, my_vector.zyx, etc.
  8. UnigineScript does not support structures (struct).
  9. UnigineScript provides a number of additional statements that affect control flow: forloop, foreach, foreachkey, yield, wait.
  10. There is a special function named call in UnigineScript. This function evaluates any function, which name or identifier is passed to it as an argument.
  11. There is no "virtual" keyword in UnigineScript. When a user class is inherited from another class, both automatically support virtual methods.
Last update: 2023-06-23
Build: ()