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11. Performing Basic Transformations (Move, Rotate, Scale)

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Every node has a transformation matrix, which encodes position, rotation, and scale of the node in the world. If a node is added as a child of another node, it has a transformation matrix that is related to its parent node. That is why the Node class has different functions: getTransform(), setTransform() and getWorldTransform(), setWorldTransform() that operate with local and world transformation matrices respectively. The following code illustrates how to perform basic node transformations:

Source code (C++)
// injecting Unigine namespace to the global namespace
using namespace Unigine;
using namespace Unigine::Math;

// move the node by X, Y, Z units along the corresponding axes
node->setWorldPosition(node->getWorldPosition() + Vec3(X, Y, Z));

// rotate the node around the axis (X, Y, Z) by the Alpha angle 
node->setWorldRotation(node->getWorldRotation() * quat(Vec3(X, Y, Z), Alpha) );

// rotate the node around X, Y, and Z axes by the corresponding angle (angle_X, angle_Y, angle_Z)
node->setWorldRotation(node->getWorldRotation() * quat(angle_X, angle_Y, angle_Z));

// setting node scale to Scale_X, Scale_Y, Scale_Z along the corresponding axes
node->setWorldScale(vec3(Scale_X, Scale_Y, Scale_Z));

// setting new transformation matrix to scale the node 2 times along all axes, rotate it by 45 degrees around the Z-axis and move it by 1 unit along all axes
Mat4 transform = Mat4(translate(vec3(1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f)) * rotate(quat(0.0f, 0.0f, 1.0f, 45.0f)) * scale(vec3(2.0f)));

// setting node transformation matrix relative to its parent
node->setTransform(transform);

// setting node transformation matrix relative to the world origin
node->setWorldTransform(transform);

Additional information:

Project Progress

In our project we are going to apply some transformations to our initial set of objects. So, let us write an auxiliary method called transformNode that will move, rotate and scale a given node. We are also going to use some multiplier (let's call it ifps) as a parameter for this function to scale the transformations. We'll explain it in the next section.

In the AppWorldLogic.h file, we define constants to be used in our transformNode method (speed of objects movement, delta angle of objects rotation), add a variable to store current scaling vector for our objects and declare our transformNode method.

Source code (C++)
// AppWorldLogic.h

/* .. */

// constants
const float MOVING_SPEED = 3.0f;		// speed of objects movement
const float DELTA_ANGLE = 60.0f;		// delta angle of objects rotation

/* .. */

class AppWorldLogic : public Unigine::WorldLogic {
	
public:

/* .. */

private:

/* .. */

	int transformNode(Unigine::NodePtr node, float ifps);
	
/* .. */

	// current scaling vector for objects
	Unigine::Math::vec3 current_objects_scale = Unigine::Math::vec3(1.0f);
	
	// current forward direction vector for objects
	Unigine::Math::Vec3 forward_direction = Unigine::Math::Vec3(0.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
		
/* .. */
};

In the AppWorldLogic.cpp file let us implement our transformNode method.

Source code (C++)
// AppWorldLogic.cpp

/* .. */

/// method performing node transformations 
int AppWorldLogic::transformNode(NodePtr node, float ifps)
{
	// getting current node transformation matrix
	Math::Mat4 transform = node->getTransform();
				
	// calculating delta rotation around an arbitrary axis
	Math::quat delta_rotation = Math::quat(rand() % 2, rand() % 2, rand() % 2, DELTA_ANGLE * ifps);

	// setting node's scale, rotation and position
	node->setWorldScale(current_objects_scale);
	node->setWorldRotation(node->getWorldRotation() * delta_rotation);
	node->setWorldPosition(node->getWorldPosition() + forward_direction * MOVING_SPEED *ifps);

	return 1;
}

/* .. */

Just to check if everything works fine, you can temporarily add one line to the AppWorldLogic::update() method:

Source code (C++)
// AppWorldLogic.cpp

/* .. */

int AppWorldLogic::update() 
{
	// apply transformation to scene objects
	transformNode(editor->getNodeByName("my_meshdynamic_0"), 0.0005);
	transformNode(editor->getNodeByName("my_meshdynamic_1"), 0.0005);
	transformNode(editor->getNodeByName("my_meshdynamic_2"), 0.0005);
	transformNode(editor->getNodeByName("my_meshdynamic_3"), 0.0005);
	
	return 1;
}

/* .. */

Source Files

You can copy the code below and paste it to the corresponding source files of your project:

AppWorldLogic.h

Source code (C++)
#ifndef __APP_WORLD_LOGIC_H__
#define __APP_WORLD_LOGIC_H__

#include <UnigineLogic.h>
#include <UnigineStreams.h>
#include <UnigineObjects.h>
#include <UnigineEditor.h>
#include <UnigineGame.h>
#include <UnigineLights.h>
#include <UnigineMaterials.h>

// auxiliary constants
const float DELTA_ANGLE = 60.0f;		// delta angle of objects rotation
const float MOVING_SPEED = 3.0f;		// speed of objects movement


class AppWorldLogic : public Unigine::WorldLogic {
	
public:
	AppWorldLogic();
	virtual ~AppWorldLogic();
	
	virtual int init();
	
	virtual int update();
	virtual int render();
	virtual int flush();
	
	virtual int shutdown();
	virtual int destroy();
	
	virtual int save(const Unigine::StreamPtr &stream);
	virtual int restore(const Unigine::StreamPtr &stream);
private:
	Unigine::Editor *editor;
	Unigine::PlayerSpectatorPtr player;
	Unigine::Materials *materials;

	// pointers to light sources
	Unigine::LightWorldPtr thesun;
	Unigine::LightOmniPtr light_omni;
	Unigine::LightProjPtr projector;

	// auxiliary functions
	int addMeshToScene(const char *file_name, const char *mesh_name, const char *material_name, Unigine::Math::Vec3 position);
	int removeMeshFromScene(const char *node_name);
	int transformNode(Unigine::NodePtr node, float ifps);

	// initialization functions
	int initObjects();
	int initPlayer();
	int initLights();
	int initMaterials();

	// shutdown functions
	int clearMaterials();
	int removeObjects();

	// scene objects vector
	Unigine::Vector <Unigine::ObjectMeshDynamicPtr> Objects;
	
	// current scaling vector for objects
	Unigine::Math::vec3 current_objects_scale = Unigine::Math::vec3(1.0f);

	// current forward direction vector for objects
	Unigine::Math::Vec3 forward_direction = Unigine::Math::Vec3(0.0f, -1.0f, 0.0f);
};

#endif // __APP_WORLD_LOGIC_H__

AppWorldLogic.cpp

Source code (C++)
#include "AppWorldLogic.h"
// World logic, it takes effect only when the world is loaded.
// These methods are called right after corresponding world script's (UnigineScript) methods.
using namespace Unigine;
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//---------------------------------------------- AUXILIARY FUNCTIONS AND METHODS ----------------------------------------------
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

/// method adding a Dynamic Mesh Object to the scene. If an empty filename is passed the method creates a default box; otherwise, loads a mesh-file with a given name.
int AppWorldLogic::addMeshToScene(const char *file_name, const char *mesh_name, const char *material_name, Math::Vec3 position)
{
	MeshPtr mesh = Mesh::create();
	ObjectMeshDynamicPtr omd;
	if (file_name){				// loading a mesh from a specified file
		if (!mesh->load(file_name))
		{
			Log::error("\nError opening .mesh file!\n");
			mesh.clear();
			
			return 0;
		}
		else omd = ObjectMeshDynamic::create(mesh);
	}
	else																// creating a default box
	{
		mesh->addBoxSurface("box_surface", Math::vec3(0.5f));

		omd = ObjectMeshDynamic::create(mesh);
	}

	// setting node material, name and position
	omd->setMaterial(material_name, "*");
	omd->setName(mesh_name);
	omd->setWorldPosition(position);
	
	// passing node ownership to the editor as a runtime node
	omd->release();
	editor->addNode(omd->getNode());

	// updating the list of scene objects
	Objects.append(omd);

	// reporting progress to the console
	Log::message("-> Object %s added to the scene.\n", mesh_name);

	// clearing the mesh
	mesh->clear();

	return 1;

}
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/// method deleting a Dynamic Mesh Object with a given name from the scene
int AppWorldLogic::removeMeshFromScene(const char *node_name)
{
	// getting a pointer to the node with a given name and downcasting it to ObjectMeshDynamicPtr
	ObjectMeshDynamicPtr object = ObjectMeshDynamic::cast(editor->getNodeByName(node_name));

	if (object)
	{
		// reporting node deletion to the console
		Log::message("Removing %s node named %s from the scene.\n", object->getTypeName(), node_name);

		// removing the node with a given name from the list of scene objects

		for (int i = 0; i < Objects.size(); i++)
		{
			if (strcmp(Objects[i]->getName(), node_name) == 0) {
				Objects.remove(i);
				break;
			}
		}

		// removing the node from the scene using upcasting
		editor->removeNode(object->getNode());

		return 1;
	}

	return 0;
}
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/// method performing node transformations 
int AppWorldLogic::transformNode(NodePtr node, float ifps)
{
	// getting current node transformation matrix
	Math::Mat4 transform = node->getTransform();

	// calculating delta rotation around an arbitrary axis
	Math::quat delta_rotation = Math::quat(rand() % 2, rand() % 2, rand() % 2, DELTA_ANGLE * ifps);

	// setting node's scale, rotation and position
	node->setWorldScale(current_objects_scale);
	node->setWorldRotation(node->getWorldRotation() * delta_rotation);
	node->setWorldPosition(node->getWorldPosition() + forward_direction * MOVING_SPEED *ifps);

	return 1;
}
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//---------------------------------------------- INITIALIZATION METHODS -------------------------------------------------------
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/// method performing initialization of the set of 4 boxes
int AppWorldLogic::initObjects()
{
	int index = 0;

	for (int x = 0; x < 2; x++)
	{
		for (int y = 0; y < 2; y++)
		{
			addMeshToScene(NULL, String::format("my_meshdynamic_%d", index).get(), String::format("my_mesh_base%d", index).get(), Math::Vec3(x, y, 1.0f));
			index++;
		}
	}

	// reporting progress to the console
	Log::warning("Objects generation OK!\n\n");

	return 1;
}
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/// method performing initialization of the player
int AppWorldLogic::initPlayer()
{
	// creating a new PlayerSpectator instance
	player = PlayerSpectator::create();

	// setting player's FOV, ZNear, ZFar
	player->setFov(90.0f);
	player->setZNear(0.1f);
	player->setZFar(10000.0f);

	// setting player's view direction vector and position
	player->setPosition(Math::Vec3(3.0f));
	player->setDirection(Math::vec3(-1.0f), Math::vec3(0.0f, 0.0f, -1.0f));

	// setting the player to the Game singleton instance
	Game::get()->setPlayer(player->getPlayer());
	player->release();

	//reporting progress to the console
	Log::warning("\nPlayer initialization OK!\n\n");

	return 1;
}
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/// method performing initialization of lights
int AppWorldLogic::initLights()
{
	// creating an omni light and setting up its parameters
	light_omni = LightOmni::create(Math::vec4(1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f), 10.0f, "");
	light_omni->setWorldPosition(Math::Vec3(0.0f, 0.0f, 5.0f));
	light_omni->setIntensity(0.1f);

	// passing node ownership to the editor
	light_omni->release();
	editor->addNode(light_omni->getNode());

	// reporting progress to the console
	Log::message("-> Created a %s light source.\n", light_omni->getName());

	// creating a world light and setting up its parameters
	thesun = LightWorld::create(Math::vec4(1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f, 1.0f));
	thesun->setName("Sun");
	thesun->setDisableAngle(90.0f);
	thesun->setIntensity(1.0f);
	thesun->setScattering(LightWorld::SCATTERING_SUN);
	thesun->setWorldRotation(Math::quat(0.0f, 1.0f, 0.0f, 170.0f));

	// passing node ownership to the editor
	thesun->release();
	editor->addNode(thesun->getNode());

	// reporting progress to the console
	Log::message("-> Created a %s light source.\n", thesun->getName());

	// creating a proj light and setting up its parameters
	projector = LightProj::create(Math::vec4(1.0f, 1.0f, 0.5f, 1.0f), 10.0f, 60.0f, "");
	projector->setWorldPosition(Math::Vec3(2.5f, 2.5f, 3.0f));
	projector->setName("projector");
	projector->setRotation(Math::quat(-45.0f, 45.0f, 0.0f));
	projector->setPenumbra(0.425f);
	projector->setIntensity(1.0f);

	// passing node ownership to the editor
	projector->release();
	editor->addNode(projector->getNode());

	// reporting progress to the console
	Log::message("-> Created a %s light source.\n", projector->getName());
	Log::warning("Lights initialization OK!\n");

	return 1;
}
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/// method performing initialization of materials
int AppWorldLogic::initMaterials()
{
	// getting a pointer to materials interface
	materials = Materials::get();

	// creating a new child material of the mesh_base and setting its color
	MaterialPtr mesh_base = materials->findMaterial("mesh_base");
	MaterialPtr my_mesh_base = mesh_base->inherit("my_mesh_base0");
	my_mesh_base->setParameter(Material::PARAMETER_COLOR, Math::vec4(255, 0, 0, 255));

	// reporting progress to the console
	Log::message("\n-> Generated %s material.\n", my_mesh_base->getName());

	// creating a new child material of the mesh_base and setting its color
	my_mesh_base = mesh_base->inherit("my_mesh_base1");
	my_mesh_base->setParameter(Material::PARAMETER_COLOR, Math::vec4(0, 255, 0, 255));

	// reporting progress to the console
	Log::message("-> Generated %s material.\n", my_mesh_base->getName());

	//creating a new child material of the mesh_base and setting its color
	my_mesh_base = mesh_base->inherit("my_mesh_base2");
	my_mesh_base->setParameter(Material::PARAMETER_COLOR, Math::vec4(0, 0, 255, 255));

	// reporting progress to the console
	Log::message("-> Generated %s material.\n", my_mesh_base->getName());

	//creating a new child material of the mesh_base and setting its color
	my_mesh_base = mesh_base->inherit("my_mesh_base3");
	my_mesh_base->setParameter(Material::PARAMETER_COLOR, Math::vec4(255, 255, 0, 255));

	// reporting progress to the console
	Log::message("-> Generated %s material.\n", my_mesh_base->getName());
	Log::warning("Material generation OK!\n\n");


	my_mesh_base.clear();

	return 1;
}
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//---------------------------------------------- SHUTDOWN METHODS -------------------------------------------------------
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/// method removing all created materials
int AppWorldLogic::clearMaterials()
{
	materials->removeMaterial(materials->findMaterial("my_mesh_base0")->getGUID());
	materials->removeMaterial(materials->findMaterial("my_mesh_base1")->getGUID());
	materials->removeMaterial(materials->findMaterial("my_mesh_base2")->getGUID());
	materials->removeMaterial(materials->findMaterial("my_mesh_base3")->getGUID());

	return 1;
}
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
/// method removing all  created objects
int AppWorldLogic::removeObjects()
{
	while (Objects.size() > 0)
	{
		removeMeshFromScene(Objects.begin()->get()->getName());
	}

	return 1;
}
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AppWorldLogic::AppWorldLogic() {
	
}

AppWorldLogic::~AppWorldLogic() {
	
}

int AppWorldLogic::init() {
	// Write here code to be called on world initialization: initialize resources for your world scene during the world start.
	
	// getting a pointer to the Editor
	editor = Editor::get();

	// creating materials
	initMaterials();

	// creating objects
	initObjects();

	// creating a player
	initPlayer();

	// creating lights
	initLights();
	
	return 1;
}

// start of the main loop
int AppWorldLogic::update() {
	// Write here code to be called before updating each render frame: specify all graphics-related functions you want to be called every frame while your application executes.
	
	// apply transformation to scene objects
	transformNode(editor->getNodeByName("my_meshdynamic_0"), 0.0005);
	transformNode(editor->getNodeByName("my_meshdynamic_1"), 0.0005);
	transformNode(editor->getNodeByName("my_meshdynamic_2"), 0.0005);
	transformNode(editor->getNodeByName("my_meshdynamic_3"), 0.0005);

	return 1;
}

int AppWorldLogic::render() {
	// The engine calls this function before rendering each render frame: correct behavior after the state of the node has been updated.
	
	return 1;
}

int AppWorldLogic::flush() {
	// Write here code to be called before updating each physics frame: control physics in your application and put non-rendering calculations.
	// The engine calls flush() with the fixed rate (60 times per second by default) regardless of the FPS value.
	// WARNING: do not create, delete or change transformations of nodes here, because rendering is already in progress.
	
	return 1;
}
// end of the main loop

int AppWorldLogic::shutdown() {
// Write here code to be called on world shutdown: delete resources that were created during world script execution to avoid memory leaks.
		
	// deleting all created nodes
	removeObjects();

	// clearing the player pointer
	player.clear();

	// clearing light sources
	thesun.clear();
	light_omni.clear();
	projector.clear();

	// clearing all created materials
	clearMaterials();

	return 1;
}

int AppWorldLogic::destroy() {
	// Write here code to be called when the video mode is changed or the application is restarted (i.e. video_restart is called). It is used to reinitialize the graphics context.
	
	return 1;
}

int AppWorldLogic::save(const Unigine::StreamPtr &stream) {
	// Write here code to be called when the world is saving its state (i.e. state_save is called): save custom user data to a file.
	
	UNIGINE_UNUSED(stream);
	return 1;
}

int AppWorldLogic::restore(const Unigine::StreamPtr &stream) {
	// Write here code to be called when the world is restoring its state (i.e. state_restore is called): restore custom user data to a file here.
	
	UNIGINE_UNUSED(stream);
	return 1;
}

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Last update: 2018-08-10